Bailey, D. H., Duncan, G. J., Cunha, F., Foorman, B. R., & Yeager, D. S. (accepted). Persistence and Fadeout of Educational Intervention Effects: Mechanisms and Potential Solutions. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. Link

Bailey, D. H., Jenkins, M., & Alvarez-Vargas, D. (in press). Complementarities between Early Educational Intervention and Later Educational Quality? A Systematic Review of the Sustaining Environments Hypothesis. Developmental Review. Link

Brick, T., & Bailey, D. H. (in press). Rock the MIC: The Matrix of Implied Causation for Design and Model Checking. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science. Link

Chen, E. H., & Bailey, D. H. (in press). Dual-Task Studies of Working Memory and Arithmetic Performance: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Link

Bailey, D. H., Oh, Y., Farkas, G., Morgan, P., & Hillemeier, M. (in press). Reciprocal Effects of Reading and Mathematics? Beyond the Cross-Lagged Panel Model. Developmental Psychology. Link

Watts, T. W., Bailey, D. H., & Li, C. (2019). Aiming Further: Addressing the Need for High Quality Longitudinal Research in Education. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 12, 648-658. Link

Nguyen, T., Duncan, R. J., & Bailey, D. H. (2019). Theoretical and methodological implications of associations between executive function and mathematics in early childhood. Journal of Contemporary Educational Psychology, 58, 276-287. Link

Castro, M. K., Bailey, D. H., Zinger, J. F., & Martin, E. A. (2019). Late electrophysiological potentials and emotion in schizophrenia: A meta-analytic review. Schizophrenia Research, 211, 21-31. Link

Bailey, D. H., Fuchs, L. S., Gilbert, J. K., Geary, D. C., & Fuchs, D. (in press). Prevention: Necessary but insufficient? A two-year follow-up of effective first-grade mathematics intervention. Child Development. Link

Kang, C., Duncan, G. J., Clements, D., & Sarama, J, & Bailey, D. H. (2019). The roles of transfer of learning and forgetting in the persistence and fadeout of early childhood mathematics interventions. Journal of Educational Psychology, 111, 590-603. Link

Jünger, J., Motta-Mena, N. V., Cardenas, R., Bailey, D. H., Rosenfield, K. A., Schild, C., Penke, L., & Puts, D. A. (2018). Do women’s preferences for masculine voices shift across the ovulatory cycle? Hormones and Behavior, 106, 122-134. Link

Bailey, D. H., Duncan, G. J., Watts, T., Clements, D., & Sarama, J. (2018). Risky business: Correlation and causation in longitudinal studies of skill development. American Psychologist, 73, 81-94Link

Bailey, D. H., Duncan, G., Odgers, C., & Yu, W. (2017). Persistence and fadeout in the impacts of child and adolescent interventions. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 10, 7-39. Link

Bailey, D. H., Hansen, N., & Jordan, N. C. (2017). The co-development of children’s fraction arithmetic skill and fraction magnitude understanding. Journal of Educational Psychology, 109, 509-519Link

Bailey, D. H., Nguyen, T., Jenkins, J. M., Domina, T., Clements, D. H., & Sarama, J. S. (2016). Fadeout in an early mathematics intervention: Constraining content or pre-existing differences? Developmental Psychology, 52, 1457-1469. Link

Watts, T. W., Clements, D. H., Sarama, J., Wolfe, C. B., Spitler, M. E., & Bailey, D. H. (2017). Does early mathematics intervention change the processes underlying children’s learning? Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 10, 96-115. Link

Bailey, D. H. & Littlefield, A. K. (2017). Does reading cause later intelligence? Accounting for stability in models of change. Child Development, 88, 1913-1921. Link

Schenke, K., Rutherford, T., Lam, A. C., & Bailey, D. H. (2016). Construct confounding among predictors of mathematics achievement. AERA Open, 2, 2332858416648930. Link

Puts, D. A., Hill, A. K., Bailey, D. H., Walker, R. S., Rendall, D. Wheatley, J. R., Welling, L. L. M., Dawood. K., Cárdenas, R., Burriss, R. P., Jablonski, N. G., Shriver, M. D., Weiss, D., Lameira, A. R., Apicella, C. L., Owren, M. J., Barelli, C., Glenn, M. E., & Ramos-Fernandez, G. (2016). Sexual selection on male vocal fundamental frequency in humans and other anthropoids. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 283, 20152830. Link

Stoet, G., Bailey, D. H., Moore, A. M., & Geary, D. C. (2016). Countries with higher levels of gender equality show larger national sex differences in mathematics anxiety and relatively lower parental mathematics valuation for girls. PLoS ONE, 11, e0153857. Link

Ellsworth, R. M., Shenk, M. K., Bailey, D. H., & Walker, R. S. (2016). Comparative study of reproductive skew and pair-bond stability using genealogies from 80 small-scale human societies. American Journal of Human Biology, 28, 335-342PDF

Bailey, D. H., Zhou, X., Zhang, Y., Cui, J., Fuchs, L. S., Jordan, N. C., Gersten, R., & Siegler, R. S. (2015). Development of fraction concepts and procedures in U.S. and Chinese children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 129, 68-83PDF

Martin, E. A., Cicero, D. C., Bailey, D. H., Karcher, N. R., & Kerns, J. G. (2016). Social anhedonia is not just extreme introversion: Empirical evidence of distinct constructs. Journal of Personality Disorders, 30, 451-468. PDF

Walker, R. S., Yvinec C., Ellsworth, R. M., & Bailey, D. H. (2015). Co-father relationships among the Suruí (Paiter) of Brazil. PeerJ, 3, e899. Link

Bailey, D. H., Watts, T. W., Littlefield, A. K., & Geary, D. C. (2014). State and trait effects on individual differences in children’s mathematical development. Psychological Science, 25, 2017-2026PDF

Fazio, L. K., Bailey, D. H., Thompson, C. A., & Siegler, R. S. (2014). Relations of different types of numerical magnitude representations to each other and to mathematics achievement. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 123, 53-72PDF

Bailey, D. H., Siegler, R. S., & Geary, D. C. (2014). Early predictors of middle school fraction knowledge. Developmental Science, 17, 775-785PDF

Li, Y., Bailey, D. H., Winegard, B., Puts, D. A., Welling, L. L. M., & Geary, D. C. (2014). Women’s preference for masculine traits is disrupted by images of male-on-female aggression. PLoS ONE, 9, e110497. Link

Bailey, D. H., Hill, K. R., & Walker, R. S. (2014). Fitness consequences of spousal relatedness in 46 small-scale societies. Biology Letters, 10, 20140160. PDF

Ellsworth, R. M., Walker, R. S., Bailey, D. H., Hill, K. R., & Hurtado, A. M. (2014). Relatedness, co-residence, and shared fatherhood among Ache foragers of             Paraguay. Current Anthropology, 55, 647-653PDF

Walker, R. S., & Bailey, D. H. (2014). Marrying kin in small-scale societies. American Journal of Human Biology, 26, 384–388PDF

Wheatley, J. R., Apicella, C. A., Burriss, R. P., Cárdenas, R. A., Bailey, D. H., Welling, L. L. M., & Puts, D. A. (2014). Women’s faces and voices are cues to reproductive potential in industrial and forager societies. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 264-271. PDF

Siegler, R. S., Fazio, L. K., Bailey, D. H., & Zhou, X. (2013) Fractions: The new frontier for theories of numerical development. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 17, 13-19PDF

Geary, D. C., Hoard, M. K., Nugent, L., & Bailey, D. H. (2013)Adolescents’ functional numeracy is predicted by their school entry number system knowledge. PLoS ONE, 8, e54651Link

Bailey, D. H., Walker, R. S., Blomquist, G. E., Hill, K. R., Hurtado, A. M. & Geary, D. C. (2013). Heritability and fitness correlates of personality in the Ache, a natural-fertility population in Paraguay. PLoS ONE, 8, e59325. Link

Puts, D. A., Bailey, D. H., Cárdenas, R. A., Burriss, R. P., Welling, L. L., Wheatley, J. R., & Dawood, K. (2013). Women’s attractiveness changes with estradiol and progesterone across the ovulatory cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 63, 13-19PDF

Walker, R. S., & Bailey, D. H. (2013). Body counts in lowland South American violence.Evolution & Human Behavior, 34, 29-34PDF

Ellsworth, R. M, & Bailey, D. H. (2013). Female orgasm as evolved signal: A test of two hypotheses. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 1545-1554PDF

Bailey, D. H., Hoard, M. K., Nugent, L., & Geary, D. C. (2012). Competence with fractions predicts gains in mathematics achievement. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 113, 447-455. PDF

Bailey, D. H., Littlefield, A., & Geary, D. C. (2012). The co-development of skill at and preference for use of retrieval-based processes for solving addition problems: Individual and sex differences from first to sixth grade. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 113, 78-92. PDF

Geary, D. C., Hoard, M. K., Nugent, L., & Bailey, D. H. (2012). Mathematical cognition deficits in children with learning disabilities and persistent low achievement: A five year prospective study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 104, 206-223. PDF

Bailey, D. H., Hamilton, M. J. & Walker, R. S. (2012). Latitude, population size, and the language-farming dispersal hypothesis. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 14, 1057-1067. PDF

Martin, E. A., Bailey, D. H., Cicero, D. C., & Kerns, J. G. (2012). Social networking profile correlates of schizotypy. Psychiatry Research, 200, 641-646. PDF

*Jašarević, E., Bailey, D. H., Crossland, J. P., Dawson, W. D., Szalai, G., Ellersieck, M. R., Rosenfeld, C. S., & Geary, D. C. (2012). Evolution of monogamy, parental investment, and female life history in PeromyscusJournal of Comparative Psychology, 127, 91-102. PDF*EJ and DHB contributed equally

Bailey, D. H., Winegard, B., Oxford, J., & Geary, D. C. (2012). Sex differences in in-group cooperation vary dynamically with competitive conditions and outcomes. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 102-119. PDF

Geary, D. C., Hoard, M. K., & Bailey, D. H. (2011). Fact retrieval deficits in low achieving children and children with mathematical learning disability. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 45, 291-307.PDF

Bailey, D. H., Durante, K. M., & Geary, D. C. (2011). Men’s perception of women’s attractiveness is calibrated to relative mate value and dominance of the women’s partner. Evolution & Human Behavior, 32, 138-146PDF

Eriksson, K., Bailey, D. H., & Geary, D. C. (2010). The grammar of approximating number pairs. Memory & Cognition, 38, 333-343PDF

Puts, D. A., Cárdenas, R. A., Bailey, D. H., Burriss, R. P. Jordan, C. L., & Breedlove, S. M. (2010). Salivary testosterone does not predict mental rotation performance in men or women. Hormones and Behavior, 58, 282-289PDF

Geary, D. C., Bailey, D. H., Littlefield, A., Wood, P., Hoard, M. K., & Nugent, L. (2009). First-grade predictors of mathematical learning disability: A latent class trajectory analysis. Cognitive Development, 24411-429PDF

Geary, D. C., Bailey, D. H., & Hoard, M. K. (2009). Predicting mathematical achievement and mathematical learning disability with a simple screening tool: The number sets test. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 27, 265-279PDF

Bailey, D. H., & Geary, D. C. (2009). Hominid brain evolution: Testing climactic, ecological, and social competition models. Human Nature, 20, 67-79. PDF


Bailey, D. H. (2019). Explanations and Implications of Diminishing Intervention Impacts across Time. In: Cognitive Foundations for Improving Mathematical Learning, Volume 5. Geary, D., Berch, D., & Koepke, K. M. (eds.). Academic Press.

Bailey, D. H. (2018). Correlational data analysis in cognitive development: The primacy of risky tests. In: Cognitive Development from a Strategy Perspective: A Festschrift for Robert Siegler. Lemaire, P. (ed.), pp. 194-206. Routledge.

Hill, A. K., Bailey, D. H., & Puts, D. A. (2017). Gorillas in our midst? Human sexual dimorphism and contest competition in men. In: On Human Nature: Biology, Psychology, Ethics, Politics, and Religion. Tibayrenc, M. and Ayala, F.J. (eds.). Academic Press, 235-249.

Puts, D. A., Bailey, D. H., & Reno, P. (2015). Contest competition in men. In Buss, D. M. (Ed.), The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, 2nd ed. (pp. 385-402). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Geary, D. C., Hoard, M. K., & Bailey, D. H. (2011). How SLD manifests in mathematics. In Flanagan, D. P., & Alfonso, V. C. (Eds.), Essentials of Specific Learning Disability Identification (pp. 43-64). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Geary, D. C., Bailey, D. H., & Oxford, J. K. (2011). Reflections on the human family. In C. A. Salmon & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Family Psychology (pp. 365-385)New York: Oxford University Press.


Bailey, D. H. (2017). Causal Inference and the Spatial-Math Link in Early Childhood. Monograph of the Society for Research in Child Development, 82, 127–136.

Del Giudice, M., Lippa, R. A., Puts, D. A., Bailey, D. H., Bailey, J. M., & Schmitt, D. P. (2016). Joel et al.’s method systematically fails to detect large, consistent sex differences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. Link

Bailey, D. H. What’s the point of teaching math in preschool? The Brown Center Chalkboard, retrieved from

Bailey, D. H., Ellingson, J. M., & Bailey, J. M. (2014). Genetic confounds in the study of sexual orientation: Comment on Roberts, Glymour, and Koenen (2014). Archives of Sexual Behavior. PDF

Bailey, D. H., & Bailey, J. M. (2013). Poor instruments lead to poor inferences: Comment on Roberts, Glymour, and Koenen (2013). Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 1649-1652PDF

Bailey, D. H., Lippa, R. A., Del Giudice, M., Hames, R., & Geary, D. C. (2012). Methodological problems in Hoffman et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109, E583PDF

Winegard, B., Bailey, D. H., Oxford, J. K., & Geary, D. C. (2010). Trade-offs and individual differences in evolved traits. American Psychologist, 65928-929

Bailey, D. H., Oxford, J. K., & Geary, D. C. (2009). Ultimate and proximate influences on human sex differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32266-267PDF


Geary, D. C., Bailey, D. H., & Winegard, B. (2012). Strategic cooperation and the rise of the modern world. PsycCRITIQUES, 54. 

Bailey, D. H., Winegard, B., & Geary, D. C. (2010). Not father’s fatherhood book. Evolutionary Psychology, 8, 336-339.

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