Short and Long Horizon Behavioral Factors

Kent Daniel, David Hirshleifer, and Lin Sun

March, 2018


Recent theories suggest that both risk and mispricing are associated with commonality in security returns, and that the loadings on characteristic-based factors can be used to predict future returns. We supplement the market factor with two mispricing factors which capture long- and short-horizon mispricing. Our financing factor is based on evidence that managers exploit long-horizon mispricing by issuing or repurchasing equity. Our earnings surprise factor, which is motivated by evidence of limited attention and short-horizon mispricing, captures short-horizon anomalies. Our three-factor risk-and-behavioral model outperforms both traditional and other prominent factor models in explaining a large set of return anomalies.

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