The 4 Defining Elements of Student Learning Outcomes:  A – B – C – D
1. Audience. Whose learning will you assess?
Examples: student workers, program participants, users of a specific service.
2. Behavior. What will be learned by that audience?
Examples: acquired knowledge, skills or abilities, a new awareness/sensitivity/perspective, an adopted practice.
3. Condition that affects the learning experience.
In most cases, this will be a program, activity, or service.
Examples: a 6-week training program, an instructional class or activity, a structured community program that exposes students to new ideas and experiences.
4. Demonstration. How will the learning be shown?
This may take many forms including written or spoken demonstrations of new knowledge, observed or self-reported behavior, or the achievement of a specific action/ability/skill.
Examples: demonstrated knowledge of course material, a change in behavior, a practiced skill, a task achieved.

Student Learning Outcome statements include all four of these elements, making clear who is learning, what they are learning, how they will acquire that learning, and a specific demonstration of what that learning looks like.

Example:  Class participants (Audience) in the Alcohol Awareness class (Condition) offered by Health Education will increase their knowledge of alcohol dangers and safety strategies (Behavior) and be able to state three warning signs of problem drinking and three strategies for avoiding alcohol abuse (Demonstration) after attending the class.