Tehran is a four-seasonal city that faces various environmental challenges. The city ranks high in the list of capitals with the most air pollution. Tehran’s surrounding highlands certainly contribute to the city’s bad air quality by keeping the smog in. The windward side of the Alborz mountain range also prevents much-anticipated rain by absorbing the humidity of the Caspian. Although Tehran’s climate is relatively mild compared to the rest of the country, the semi-arid city constantly faces issues relating to water shortage. Power outages are also common in all parts of the city. The less privileged residents find few housing options, if at convenient rates at all. Although many manufacturing plants lie on Tehran’s outskirts, the city is highly depended on large-scale imports of various foods, resources, and commodities. Despite its many challenges, Iran’s capital city is still alive and lively. Its future, however, depends on careful urban planning and the smart management of its limited resources.