Science and Engineering University Indicators, 2018

We show indicators relevant to Universities from the National Science Board 2018, Science and Engineering Digest, NSB-2018-2, Alexandria, VA; National Science Foundation.  This is available at https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/digest/  The graphs given there are much fancier than here, in that you can point to a year and get the exact numbers.

We start with research university funding from state and local sources, versus tuition:

We see that from 2000 to 2015, the per student funding from state and local sources has dropped from $14,000 per year to about $9,000 per year, or about a drop of one-third.  At the same time, tuition has doubled, from about $6,500 to almost $13,000.

Published S&E articles from principal countries and the EU:

We note that the EU population is 512 million people.  The US population is 325 million, so the EU is 1.58 times the US population.  EU publications are about 600,000 a year, compared to US publications at about 400,000 a year.  This is about a 50% EU lead, about consistent with the population excess, so no panic.  China has caught up with the US, with a population of 1,410 million.  We congratulate China for its great and continuing strides.  India, with 1,339 million, has matched Japan, with 127 million, at about 100,000 publications a year.

Bachelor’s S&E degrees in leading countries and the EU. 

China has a strong lead with 1.65 million S&E degrees.  There used to be discussions as to whether a lot of these were just technical degrees, but in either case, they are still valuable resources.  The EU-Top 8 and the US are about equal at 800,000 bachelors a year in S&E. Japan has over 300,000, and South Korea with Taiwan about 200,000.  The sum of these leading countries is about 3 million S&E degrees a year.

Doctoral S&E Degrees in leading countries and the EU.

EU-Top 8 produces about 60,000 doctoral degrees in S&E a year.  The US citizens and permanent residents produce about 40,000.  The US also gives doctoral degrees to temporary visa holders.  China produces about 35,000 a year.  Japan, and the combined South Korea and Taiwan, each produce about 10,000 a year.  The sum of these leading countries is about 145,000 a year.

About Dennis SILVERMAN

I am a retired Professor of Physics and Astronomy at U C Irvine. For a decade I have been active in learning about energy and the environment, and in lecturing and attending classes at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute (OLLI) at UC Irvine.
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